E. Virginia Armbrust

Ginger Armbrust

Principal Investigator

armbrust at uw.edu

Phytoplankton are the main focus of research in our lab. These organisms are responsible for about 50% of the total amount of photosynthesis that occurs on our planet. They play a critical role in the global carbon cycle and ultimately in global climate. Because much of the organic carbon generated by phytoplankton is used by bacteria and archaea, we also study phytoplankton interactions with other microbes.


  • Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Biological Oceanography, 1990. Thesis advisor: Sallie W. Chisholm. Thesis title: The Life Cycle of the Centric Diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii: Control of Gametogenesis and Cell Size.
  • B.A., Stanford University, Human Biology, 1980.

Positions Held

  • Professor School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 2006-present.
  • Director, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 2011-2018.
  • Associate Professor, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 2002- 2006.
  • Assistant Professor, School of Oceanography, University of Washington, 1996-2002.
  • NSF Marine Biotechnology and Ocean Sciences Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Biology, Washington University, 1990-1995.
  • Graduate Research Assistant, Biological Oceanography, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1983-1990
  • Research Technician, Moss Landing Marine Laboratories, 1981-1983
  • Research Technician, California Department of Fish and Game, 1980-1981


  • Richard H. Fleming Endowed Professor, 2022- present.
  • Luigi Provasoli award for best publication of 2016 in Journal of Phycology, 2017.
  • AGU Carson Lecture, 2016
  • Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Investigator 2012-2018
  • Elected Member, Washington State Academy of Science, 2012
  • Elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2012
  • Elected Fellow, American Academy of Microbiology, 2011
  • Distinguished Graduate Teaching Award, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, 2009
  • Botanical Society of America Darbaker Prize for meritorious work on algae, 2008
  • Lowell A. and Frankie L. Wakefield Professor, 2008-2018
  • Luigi Provasoli award for best publication of 2005 in Journal of Phycology, 2006
  • Distinguished Research Award, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, 2005
  • Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Investigator 2004-2012
  • Distinguished Graduate Teaching Award, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, 2001
  • Distinguished Graduate Teaching Award, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences, 1999

Oceanographic Research Cruises

Recent, Chief Scientist

  • Gradients cruise 4, Equatorial Pacific Ocean, R/V Thompson, November 10-December 17, 2021.
  • Gradients cruise 3, North Pacific Ocean, R/V Kilo Moana, April, 2019
  • Gradients cruise 2, North Pacific Ocean, R/V Langseth, May/June, 2017.
  • Gradients cruise 1, North Pacific Ocean, R/V KOK, April/May, 2016.
  • Dimensions of Biodiversity cruise, North Pacific Ocean, R/V Kilo Moana, August/September, 2013.
  • Molecular biogeochemical cruise, Washington Coast, R/V Thompson, May, 2012.

Participation in 14 additional cruises; Lab participation in 20 additional cruises



  1. Boysen, Angela, Bryndan Durham, William Kumler, Rebecca Key, Katherine Heal, Laura Carson, Ryan Groussman, E. Virginia Armbrust, Anitra Ingalls. Glycine betaine uptake and metabolism in marine microbial communities. Environmental Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.16020
  2. Carlson, Michael G., François Ribalet, Ilia Maidanik, Bryndan P. Durham, Yotam Hulata, Sara Ferrón, Oscar Sosa, Julia Weissenbach, Nitzan Shamir, Svetlana Goldin, Nava Baran, B. B. Cael, David M. Karl, Angelicque E. White, E. Virginia Armbrust, and Debbie Lindell. Viruses affect picocyanobacterial abundance and biogeography in the North Pacific Ocean. Nature Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41564-022-01088-x .
  3. Lambert, B., R. D. Groussman, Megan J. Schatz, S. N. Coesel, B. P. Durham, A. J. Alverson, A. E. White, and E. V. Armbrust. The dynamic trophic architecture of open-ocean protist communities revealed through machine-guided metatranscriptomics. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA, https://www.pnas.org/content/119/7/e2100916119.
  4. Muratore, Daniel, Angie K. Boysen, Matthew J. Harke, Kevin W. Becker, John R. Casey, Sacha N. Coesel, Daniel R. Mende, Samuel T. Wilson, Frank O. Aylward, John M. Eppley, Alice Visolova, Shengyun Peng, Rogelio A. Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Stephen J. Beckett, E. Virginia Armbrust, Edward F. DeLong, David M. Karl, Angelicque E. White, Jonathan P. Zehr, Benjamin A.S. Van Mooy, Sonya T. Dyhrman, Anitra E. Ingalls, Joshua S. Weitz. Complex marine microbial communities partition metabolism of scarce resources over the diel cycle. Nature Ecology Evolution, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-021-01606-w.
  5. Follett, Christopher L., Stephanie Durkiewicz, François Ribalet, Emily Zakem, David Caron, E. Virginia Armbrust, Michael J. Follows. Trophic interactions with heterotrophic bacteria limit the range of Prochlorococcus. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2110993118.
  6. Mattern∗, Jann Paul, Kristof Glauninger *, Gregory Britten, John Casey, Sangwon Hyun, Zhen Wu, E. Virginia Armbrust, Zaid Harchaoui, François Ribalet. A Bayesian approach to modeling phytoplankton population dynamics from size distribution time series. PLOS Computational Biology, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1009733.g001


  1. Groussman, Ryan D., Sacha N. Coesel, Bryndan P. Durham, E. Virginia Armbrust. Diel-regulated transcriptional cascades of microbial eukaryotes in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Frontiers in Microbiology, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.682651.
  2. Ashkezari, M. D., N. R. Hagen, M. Denholtz, A. Neang, T. C. Burns, R. L. Morales, C. P. Lee, C. N. Hill and E. V. Armbrust. Simons Collaborative Marine Atlas Project (Simons CMAP): an open-source to share, visualize and analyze ocean data. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10439.
  3. Jones, Corinne, Sophie Clayton, François Ribalet, E. Virginia Armbrust, Zaid Harchaoui. A kernel-based change detection method to map shifts in phytoplankton communities measured by flow cytometry. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 12, 1687– 1698. https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.13647.
  4. Heal, Katherine R., Bryndan P. Durham, Angela K. Boysen, Laura T. Carlson, Wei Qin, François Ribalet, Angelicque E. White, Randelle M. Bundy, E. Virginia Armbrust, Anitra E. Ingalls. Marine community metabolomes carry fingerprints of phytoplankton community composition. mSystems, https://doi.org/10.1128/msystems.01334-20.
  5. Valenzuela, Jacob J., Justin Ashworth, Allison Cusick, Raffaela M. Abbriano, E.Virginia Armbrust, Mark Hildebrand, Mónica V. Orellana and Nitin S. Baliga. Diel transcriptional oscillations of a plastid antiporter reflects increased resilience of Thalassiosira pseudonana in elevated CO2. Frontiers in Marine Science: Global Change and the Future Ocean, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2021.633225.
  6. van Tol, Helena M. and E. V. Armbrust. Genome-scale metabolic model of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana highlights the importance of nitrogen and sulfur metabolism in redox balance. PLOS ONE, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0241960.
  7. Boysen, Angela K., Laura T. Carlson, Bryndan P. Durham, Ryan D. Groussman, Frank O. Aylward, François Ribalet, Katherine Heal, Angelicque White, Edward F. DeLong, E. Virginia Armbrust, Anitra E. Ingalls. Particulate metabolites and transcripts reflect diel oscillations of microbial activity in the surface ocean. mSystems, https://doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00896-20.
  8. Coesel, Sacha. N., Bryndan P. Durham, Ryan D. Groussman, Rhonda L. Morales, François Ribalet and E. Virginia Armbrust. Diel transcriptional oscillations of light-sensitive regulatory elements in open-ocean eukaryotic plankton communities. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA, 10.1073/pnas.2011038118.


  1. Juranek, Lauren W., Angelicque E. White, Mathilde Dugenne, Fernanda Henderikx Freitas, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Francois Ribalet, E. Virginia Armbrust, Sara Ferron, and David M. Karl. The importance of the phytoplankton “middle class” to ocean net community productivity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GB006702.
  2. Connell, Paige E., François Ribalet, E. Virginia Armbrust, Angelicque White and David A. Caron. Diel oscillations in feeding strategies of heterotrophic and mixotrophic nanoplankton in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, https://doi.org/10.3354/ame01950..
  3. Pinedo-Gonzalez, Paulina, Nicholas J. Hawco, Randie Bundy, E. Virginia Armbrust, Michael J Follows, B. Cael Barry, Angelicque E White, Sara Ferrón, David M. Karl, Seth G. John. Anthropogenic Asian aerosols provide Fe to the North Pacific Ocean. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA, https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2010315117.
  4. Mruwat, Noor, Michael C. G. Carlson, Svetlana Goldin, François Ribalet, Shay Kirzner, Yotam Hulata, Stephen J. Beckett, Dror Shitrit, Joshua S. Weitz, E. Virginia Armbrust, Debbie Lindell. A single-cell polony method reveals low levels of infected Prochlorococcus in oligotrophic waters despite high cyanophage abundances, ISME J., https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-00752-6.
  5. Qin, Wei, Yue Zheng, Annette Bollmann, Baozhan Wang, Chuanlun Zhang, Daniel Mende, David Stahl, Edward Delong, E. Virginia Armbrust, Haodong Liu, Hidetoshi Urakawa, Jeppe L. Nielsen, Jizhong Zhou, José R. de la Torre, Koji Mori, Meng Li, Po-Heng Lee, Reiji Takahashi, Shady Amin, Tatsunori Nakagawa, Tong Zhang, Willm Martens-Habbena, Xiaowu Huang, Xinxu Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yulin Wang, Anitra E. Ingalls. Alternative strategies of nutrient acquisition and energy conservation map to the biogeography of marine ammonia-oxidizing archaea. ISME J., https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-020-0710-7.
  6. Gradoville, M.R., H. Farnelid, A. E. White, K. A. Turk-Kubo, B. Stewart, F. Ribalet, E. V. Armbrust, and J. P. Zehr. Latitudinal constraints on the abundance and activity of the cyanobacterium UCYN-A and other marine diazotrophs in the North Pacific. Limnology and Oceanography, https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11423.


  1. Ribalet, François, Chris Berthiaume, Annette Hynes, Jarred Swalwell, Michael Carlson, Sophie Clayton, Gwenn Hennon, Camille Poirier, Eric, Shimabukuro, Angelique White and E. Virginia Armbrust. SeaFlow data v1, high-resolution abundance, size and biomass of small phytoplankton in the North Pacific. Scientific Data 6, 277 (2019) https://doi:10.1038/s41597-019-0292-2.
  2. Goldman, J. A. L., C. T. Berthiaume, M. Schatz, S. Coesel and E. V. Armbrust. Fe limitation decreases transcriptional regulation over the diel cycle in the model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. PLOS ONE, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222325.
  3. Wilson, Samuel T., Nicholas J. Hawco, E. Virginia Armbrust, Benedetto Barone, Karin M. Björkman, Angela K. Boysen, Macarena Burgos, Timothy J. Burrell, John R. Casey, Edward F. DeLong, Mathilde Dugenne, Stephanie Dutkiewicz, Sonya T. Dyhrman, Sara Ferrón, Michael J. Follows, Rhea K. Foreman, Carolina P. Funkey, Matthew J. Harke, Britt A. Henke, Christopher N. Hill, Annette M. Hynes, Anitra E. Ingalls, Oliver Jahn, Rachel L. Kelly, Angela N. Knapp, Ricardo M. Letelier, François Ribalet, Eric M. Shimabukuro, Ryan K. S. Tabata, Kendra A. Turk-Kubo, Angelique E. White, Jonathan P. Zehr, Seth John, David M. Karl. Kīlauea lava fuels phytoplankton bloom in the North Pacific Ocean. Science, 365 1040-1044.
  4. Durham, Bryndan P., Angela K. Boysen, Laura T. Carlson, Ryan D. Groussman, Katherine R. Heal, Kelsey R. Cain, Rhonda L. Morales, Sacha Coesel, Robert M. Morris, Anitra E. Ingalls, E. Virginia Armbrust. Sulfonate-based networks between eukaryotic phytoplankton and heterotrophic bacteria in the surface ocean. Nature Microbiology, https://doi.10.1038/s41564-019-0507-5.


  1. Becker, Kevin W., James R. Collins, Bryndan P. Durham, Ryan D. Groussman, Angelicque E. White, Helen F. Fredricks, Justin E. Ossolinski, Daniel J. Repeta, Paul Carini, E. Virginia Armbrust, and Benjamin A. S. Van Mooy. Daily changes in phytoplankton lipidomes reveal mechanisms of energy storage in the open ocean. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-07346-z.
  2. Chapell, P. Dreux, E. Virginia Armbrust, Katherine A. Barbeau, Randelle M. Bundy, James W. Moffett, Jagruti Vedmati, Bethany D. Jenkins. Dissolved trace metals drive diatom community composition in the NE Pacific transition zone. Marine Ecology Progress Series, doi.org/10.3354/meps12810.
  3. Turner, J., J. J. Tallman, A. Macias, L. J. Pinnell, N. C. Elledge, D. N. Azadani, W. Nilsson, R. Paranjpye, E. V. Armbrust, M. S. Strom. Comparative genomic analysis of Vibrio diabolicus and six taxonomic synonyms: a first look at the distribution and diversity of the expanded species. Frontiers Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.01893.
  4. Heal, K. R., W. Qin, S. A. Amin, A. H. Devol, J. W. Moffett, E. V. Armbrust, D. A. Stahl, A. E. Ingalls. Accumulation of NO2‐cobalamin in nutrient‐stressed ammonia‐oxidizing archaea and in the oxygen deficient zone of the Eastern Tropical North Pacific. Environmental Microbiology Letters doi.org/10.1111/1758-2229.12664.
  5. Koester, J. A., C. Berhtiaume, N. Hiranuma, M. S. Parker, V. Iverson, R. Morales, A. Sarwate, W. L. Ruzzo, E. V. Armbrust. 2018. Sexual ancestors generate an obligate asexual and globally dispersed clone within the model diatom species Thalassiosira pseudonana. Scientific Reports 8, Article number: 10492.
  6. Valenzuela, J. J., Mónica V. Orellana, Adrián López García de Lomana, Allison Lee, E.V. Armbrust, and Nitin S. Baliga. 2018. Ocean acidification conditions increase resilience of marine diatoms. Nature Communications DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-04742-3.
  7. Horak, R. E., W. Qin, A. Bertagnolli, A. Nelson, K. Heal, A. Schauer, W. Jeffrey, E. V. Armbrust, J. W. Moffett, A. E. Ingalls, D. A. Stahl, A. H. Devol. 2018. Relative impacts of light, temperature, and reactive oxygen on thaumarchaeal ammonia oxidation in the North Pacific Ocean. Limnology and Oceanography DOI: 10.1002/lno.10665.
  8. Qin, Wei, K. R. Heal, R. Ramdasi, J. N. Kobelt, W. Martens-Habbena, A. D. Bertagnolli, S. A. Amin, C. B. Walker, H. Urakawa, M. Könneke, A. H. Devol, J. W. Moffett, E. V. Armbrust, G. J. Jensen, A. E. Ingalls, D. A. Stahl. 2018. Nitrosopumilus maritimus gen. nov., sp. nov., Nitrosopumilus cobalaminogenes gen. nov., sp. nov., Nitrosopumilus oxyclinae gen. nov., sp. nov., and Nitrosopumilus ureaphilus gen. nov., sp. nov., four marine ammonia-oxidizing archaea of the phylum Thaumarchaeota. Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 10.1099/ijsem.0.002416.
  9. Qin, W., S. A. Amin, R. A, Lundeen, K. R. Heal, W. Martens-Habbena, S. Turkarslan, H. Urakawa, K. C. Costa, E. L. Hendrickson, T. Wang, D. A. C. Beck, S. M. Tequia, F. Taub, A. D. Holmes, T. M. Lowe, J. W. Moffett, A. H. Devol, N. S. Baliga, D. J. Arp, L. A. Sayavedra-Soto, M. Hackett, E. V. Armbrust, A. E. Ingalls, D. A. Stahl. 2018. Stress response analyses of a marine ammonia-oxidizing archaeon informs physiological status of environmental populations. ISME Journal doi:10.1038/ismej.2017.186.


  1. Wilson, S. T., F. O. Aylward, F. Ribalet, B. Barone, J. R. Casey, P. Connell, S. Ferrón, K. A. Turk, A. Vislova, E. V. Armbrust, D. A. Caron, M. J. Church, J. P. Zehr, D. M. Karl, E. F. DeLong. 2017. Coordinated regulation of growth, activity and transcription in natural populations of the unicellular nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Crocosphaera. Nature Microbiology dx.doi.org/10.1038/nmicrobiol.2017.118.
  2. Durham, B.P., S. P. Dearth, S. Sharma, S. A. Amin, C. B. Smith, S. R. Campagna, E. V. Armbrust, M. A. Moran. 2017. Recognition cascade and metabolite transfer in a marine bacteria-phytoplankton model system. Environmental Microbiology doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13834
  3. Hamilton, M., G. M. M. Hennon, J. Needoba, R. Morales, T. D. Peterson, M. Schatz, J. Swalwell, E. V. Armbrust, F. Ribalet. 2017. Dynamics of Teleaulax-like cryptophyes during the decline of a red water bloom in the Columbia River Estuary. Journal of Plankton Research doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbx029.
  4. Marchetti, A., C. Marino, N. Cohen, I. Oleinikov, K. Delong, B. Twining and E. V. Armbrust. 2017. Development of a molecular-based index for assessing iron status in bloom-forming pennate diatoms. Journal of Phycology 10.1111/jpy.12539.
  5. Qin, W., K. A. Meinhardt, J. W. Moffett, A. H. Devol, E. V. Armbrust, A. E. Ingalls, and D. A. Stahl. 2017. Influence of oxygen availability on the activities of ammonia-oxidizing archaea. Environmental Microbiology Reports 10.1111/1758-2229.12525.
  6. Mock, T. , R. P. Otillar, J. Strauss, A. E. Allen, C. L. Dupont, S. Frickenhaus, F. Maumus, M. McMullan, A. Salamov, R. Sanges, J. Schmutz, A. Toseland, A. Veluchamy, B.J. Ward, K. W. Barry, A. Falciatore, M. I. Ferrante, A. E. Fortunato, G. Glöckner, A. Gruber, R. Hipkin, M. G. Janech, P. Kroth, F. Leese, E. A. Lindquist, B. R. Lyon, J. Martin, C. Mayer, M. Parker, H. Quesneville, J. A. Raymond, C. Uhlig, R. E. Valas, K. U. Valentin, A. Z. Worden, E. V. Armbrust, C. Bowler, B. R. Green, V. Moulton, C. van Oosterhout, I. V. Grigoriev. 2017. Evolutionary genomics of a cold-adapted diatom, Fragilariopsis cylindrus. Nature doi:10.1038/nature20803.
  7. Heal, K. R., W. Qin, F. Ribalet, A. D. Bertagnolli, W. Coyote-Maestes, L. R. Hmelo, J. W. Moffett, A. H. Devol, E. V. Armbrust, D. A. Stahl, A. E. Ingalls. 2017. Two distinct pools of B12 analogs reveal community interdependencies in the ocean. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA 114:364-369.
  8. Caron, D. A., H. Alexander, A. E. Allen, J. M. Archibald, E. V. Armbrust, C. Bachy, A. Bharti, C. J. Bell, S. T. Dyrhman, S. Guida, K. B. Heidelberg, J. Z. Kaye, J. Metzner, S. R. Smith, A. Z. Worden. 2017. Probing the evolution, ecology and physiology of marine protists using transcriptomics. Nature Review Microbiology 15:6-20.
  9. Van Tol, Helena M., S. A. Amin, E.V. Armbrust. 2017. Ubiquitous marine bacterium inhibits diatom cell division. The ISME Journal. doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.112.


  1. Turner, Jeffry W., Chris Berthiaume, Rhonda Morales, E. Virginia Armbrust, Mark S. Strom. 2016. Genomic evidence of adaptive evolution in emergent Vibrio parahaemolyticus ecotypes. Elementa: Science of the Anthroprocene DOI 10.12952/journal.elementa.000117.
  2. Durkin, C. A., J. A. Koester, S. J. Bender, E. V. Armbrust. 2016. The evolution of silicon transporters in diatoms. J. Phycology, DOI: 10.1111/jpy.12441.


  1. Hyrkas, J., S. Clayton, F. Ribalet, D. Halperin, E. V. Armbrust and B. Howe. 2015. Scalable clustering algorithms for continuous environmental flow cytometry. Bioinformatics, btv594v1.
  2. Qin, Wei, Laura T. Carlson, E. Virginia Armbrust, Allan H. Devol, James W. Moffett, David A. Stahl and Anitra E. Ingalls. 2015. Confounding effects of oxygen and temperature on the TEX86 signature of marine thaumarchaeota. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA 112:10979-10984.
  3. Ribalet, F., Swalwell, J., Clayton, S., Jimenez, V., Sudek, S., Lin, Y., Johnson, A. Z. Worden and E. V. Armbrust. 2015. Light-driven synchrony of Prochlorococcus growth and mortality in the subtropical Pacific gyre. Proceedings National Academy of Science 112:8008-8012.
  4. Groussman, R. D., M.S. Parker, E. V. Armbrust. 2015. Diversity and evolutionary history of iron metabolism genes in diatoms. PloS One, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0129081.
  5. Hennon, G. M. M., Justin Ashworth, Ryan D. Groussman, Chris Berthiaume, Rhonda L. Morales, Nitin Baliga, Monica Orellana, E. V. Armbrust. 2015. Diatom acclimation to elevated CO2 via cAMP signaling and coordinated gene expression. Nature Climate Change 5:761-765.
  6. Amin, S.A., L. R. Hmelo, H. van Tol, B. Durham, L. Truxal, K. Heal, R. Morales, C. Berthiaume, B. Djunaedi, M. A. Moran, A. Ingalls, M. Parsek, and E.V. Armbrust. 2015. Interaction and signaling between a cosmopolitan phytoplankton and associated bacteria. Nature 522:98-101.
  7. Armbrust, E. V. and S. R. Palumbi. 2015. Uncovering hidden worlds of ocean biodiversity. Science 348: 865-867.
  8. Durham, B. P., S. Sharma, H. Luo, C. B. Smith, S. Amin, S. J. Bender, S. P. Dearth, B. A. S. Van Mooy, S. R. Campagna, E. B. Kujawinksi, E. V. Armbrust, M. A. Moran. 2015. Cryptic elemental cycling between marine bacteria and phytoplankton. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA, 112: 453-457.
  9. Gruber, A., G. Rocap, P. G. Kroth, E. V. Armbrust, T. Mock. 2015. Plastid proteome prediction for diatoms and other algae with secondary plastids of the red lineage. The Plant Journal, DOI: 10.1111/tpj.12734.
  10. Martens-Habbena, W., W. Qin, R. E. A. Horak, H. Urakawa, A. J. Schauer, J. W. Moffett, E. V. Armbrust, A. E. Ingalls, A. H. Devol, and D. A. Stahl. 2015. The production of nitric oxide by marine ammonia-oxidizing archaea and inhibition of archaeal ammonia oxidation by a nitric oxide scavenger. Environmental Microbiology Reports, DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.12677.


  1. Heal, K. R., L. T. Carlson, A. Devol, E. V. Armbrust, J. W. Moffett, D. A. Stahl, A. E. Ingalls. 2014. Determination of four forms of vitamin B12 and other B vitamins in seawater by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 28: 2398–2404.
  2. Qin, W., S. A. Amin, W. Martens-Habbena, H. Urakawa, A. H. Devol, A. E. Ingalls, J. W. Moffett, E. V. Armbrust, and D. A. Stahl. 2014. Novel isolates of marine oxidizing archaea display wide ecotypic variation. Proceedings National Academy of Science, USA 111:12504-12509.
  3. Armbrust, E. V. 2014. Taking the pulse of ocean microbes. Science 345:134-135.
  4. Keeling, P. J., F. Burki, B. Allam, E. Allen, L. A. Amaral-Zettler, E. V. Armbrust, J. M. Archibald, A. K. Bharti, C. J. Bell, B. Beszteri, K. D. Bidle, C. T. Cameron, D. A. Caron, J. Collier, K. Coyne, L. Campbell, R. A. Cattolico, Phillipe Deschamps, Sonya T. Dyhrman, B. Edvardsen, R. Gates, C. Gobler, S. Greenwood, S. M. Guida, J. Hackett, J. L. Jacobi, K. S. Jakobsen, B. Jenkins, M. D. Johnson, U. John, A. Juhl, A. Kamp, L. Katz, A. Kudryavtsev, Senjie Lin, C. Lovejoy, D. Lynn, A. Marchetti, C. Miceli, F. Morel, G. McManus, M. Montresor, M. A. Moran, S. Murray, S. Menden-Deuer, T. Mock, A. Nedelcu, G. Nadathur, S. Nagai, P. B. Ngam, K. Pelletreau, B. Palenik, G. Piganeau, J. Pawlowski, M. C. Posewitz, G. Romano, K. Rengefors, T. Rynearson, K. B. Schilling, S. Smith , A. Simpson, P. Stief, C. H. Slamovits, D. Schroeder, G. J. Smith, H. M. Sosik, E. Theriot, P. E. Umale, G. Wheeler, B. Wawrik, W. Wilson, A. Zingone, H. M. Wilcox, and A. Z. Worden. 2014. The Marine Microbial Eukaryote Transcriptome Sequencing Project (MMETSP): Illuminating the functional diversity of eukaryotic life in the oceans through transcriptome sequencing. PloS Biology12(6): e1001889. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001889.
  5. Bowman, J. S., C. T. Berthiaume, E. V. Armbrust, J. W. Deming. 2014. The genetic potential for key biogeochemical processes in Arctic frost flowers and young sea ice revealed by metagenomic analysis. FEMS Microbiology Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1574-6941.12331
  6. Hubbard, K. A., C. H. Ellis and E. V. Armbrust. 2014. Molecular characterization of Pseudo-nitzschia community structure and species ecology in a hydrographically complex estuarine system (Puget Sound, Washington, USA). Marine Ecology and Progress Series 507: 39–55.
  7. Jacquot, Jeremy E., Rachel E. A. Horak, Maija Heller, Shady A. Amin, Allan Devol, Anitra E. Ingalls, E. Virginia Armbrust, David A. Stahl, and James W. Moffett. 2014. The influence of copper bioavailability on nitrification in a dynamic estuary. Marine Chemistry 162:37-49.
  8. Hennon, Gwenn M. M., Paul Quay, Rhonda L. Morales, Lyndsey M. Sandwick, E. Virginia Armbrust. 2014. Acclimation conditions modify physiological response of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana to elevated CO2 concentrations in a nitrate-limited chemostat. Journal of Phycology 50:243-253.
  9. Bender, S.J., C.A. Durkin, C. Berthiaume, R. Morales, and E.V. Armbrust. 2014. Transcriptional responses of three model diatoms to nitrate limitation. Frontiers in Marine Science: Aquatic Microbiology doi: 10.3389/fmars.2014.00003.


  1. Amin, S.A., J. W. Moffett, W. Martens-Habbena, J. E. Jacquot, Y. Han, A. Devol, A. E. Ingalls, D. A. Stahl, E. V. Armbrust. 2013. Copper requirements of the ammonia-oxidizing archaeon Nitrosopumilus maritimus SCM1 and implications for nitrification in the marine environment Limnology and Oceanography 58:2037-2045.
  2. Port, Jesse A. Micaela S. Parker, Robin B. Kodner, Xiaozhong Yu, E. Virginia Armbrust, and Elaine M. Faustman. 2013. G-protein coupled receptor signaling pathway conservation in sequenced marine diatoms. BMC Genomics 14:503.
  3. Halperin, D., K. Weitz, B. Howe, F. Ribalet and E. V. Armbrust. 2013. Real-Time Collaborative Analysis with (Almost) Pure SQL: A Case Study in Biogeochemical Oceanography. Proceeding of the 25th International Conference on Scientific and Statistical Database Management 28:1-12
  4. Palevsky, H. I., F. Ribalet, Swalwell, J.E., C. Cosca, E. D. Cokelet, P. D. Quay, E. V. Armbrust, R. A. Feely. 2013. The influence of net community production and phytoplankton community structure on CO2 uptake in the Gulf of Alaska. Global Biogeochemical Cycles DOI: 10.1002/gbc.20058.
  5. Durkin, C. A., S. J. Bender, K. Y. K. Chan, K. Gaessner, D. Grunbaum, E. V. Armbrust. 2013. Silicic acid supplied to coastal diatom communities influences cellular silicification and the potential export of carbon. Limnology and Oceanography 58:1707-1726.
  6. Horak, R. E. A., W. Qin, E. V. Armbrust, A. Ingalls, J. W. Moffett, D. A. Stahl, and A. Devol. 2013. Ammonia oxidation kinetics and temperature sensitivity of a natural marine community dominated by Archaea. ISME J, doi: 10.1038/ismej.2013.75.
  7. Howe, B., F. Ribalet, S. Chitnis, E. V. Armbrust. 2013. SQLShare: Scientific workflow management via relational view sharing. Computing in Science and Engineering 15:22-31.
  8. Ashworth, J., S. Coesel, A. L., E. V. Armbrust, M. V. Orellana, N. S. Baliga. 2013. Molecular signatures of cell state transitions along the diurnal growth curve of a diatom. Proceedings National Academy of Science 110: 7518-7523.


  1. Curtis, B. A., G. Tanifuji, F. Burki, A. Gruber, M. Irimia, S. Maruyama, M. C. Arias, S. G. Ball, G. H. Gile, Y. Hirakawa, J. F. Hopkins, A. Kuo, S. A. Rensing, J. Schmutz, A. Symeonidi, M. Elias, R. J. M. Eveleigh, E. K. Herman, M. J. Klute, T. Nakayama, M. Oborník, A. Reyes-Prieto, E. V. Armbrust, S. J. Aves, R. G. Beiko, P. Coutinho, J. B. Dacks, D. G. Durnford, N. M. Fast, B. R. Green, C. Grisdale, F. Hempel, B. Henrissat, M. P. Höppner, K.-I. Ishida, E. Kim, L. Kořený, P. G. Kroth, Y. Liu, S.-B. Malik, U. G. Maier, Darcy McRose, T. Mock, J. A. D. Neilson, N. T. Onodera, A. M. Poole, E. J. Pritham, T. A. Richards, G. Rocap, S. W. Roy, C. Sarai, S. Schaack, S. Shirato, C. H. Slamovits, D. F. Spencer, S. Suzuki, A. Z. Worden, S. Zauner, K. Barry, C. Bell, A. K. Bharti, J. A. Crow, J. Grimwood, Robin Kramer, E. Lindquist, S. Lucas, A. Salamov, G. I. McFadden, C. E. Lane, P. J. Keeling, M. W. Gray, I. V. Grigoriev, J. M. Archibald. 2012. Algal nuclear genomes reveal evolutionary mosaicism and fate of nucleomorphs. Nature 492, 59–65.
  2. Koester, J. A., W. J. Swanson, E. V. Armbrust. 2012. Positive selection within a diatom species acts on putative protein interactions and transcriptional regulation. Molecular Biology and Evolution 30:422-434.
  3. Durkin, C.A., A. Marchetii, S. J. Bender, T. Truong, R. Morales, T. Mock, and E. V. Armbrust. 2012. The influence of frustule-related gene transcription and diatom community composition on silica precipitation in an iron-limited environment. Limnology and Oceanography 57:1619-1633.
  4. Amin, S. A., M.S. Parker, E. V. Armbrust. 2012. Interactions Between Diatoms and Bacteria. Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews 76:667-684.
  5. Iverson, V., R. M. Morris, C. D. Frazer, C. T. Berthiaume, R. L. Morales and E. V. Armbrust. 2012. Untangling genomes from metagenomes: revealing an uncultured class of marine Euryarchaeota. Science 335:587-590.
  6. Marchetti A., D. Schruth, C.A. Durkin, M. S. Parker, R. Kodner, C. T. Berthiaume, R. Morales, Allen, A. E., and E. V. Armbrust. 2012. Comparative metatranscriptomics identifies molecular bases for the physiological responses of phytoplankton to varying iron availability. Proceedings National Academy of Science Plus, USA doi: 10.1073/pnas.1118408109 .
  7. Monier, A., R. Welsh, C. Gentemann, G. Weinstock, E. V. Armbrust, J. A. Eisen and A. Z. Worden. 2012. Phytoplankton phosphate uptake and cross-domain commonalities in viral-host exchange. Environmental Microbiology 14:162-176.


  1. Bender, S. J., M. S. Parker, E. V. Armbrust. 2011. The coupled effects of light and nitrogen source on the urea cycle and nitrogen metabolism over a diel cycle in the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Protist (2011) doi:10.1016/j.protis.2011.07.008.
  2. Swalwell, J. E., F. Ribalet, and E. V. Armbrust. 2011. SeaFlow: A novel underway flow-cytometer for continuous observations of phytoplankton in the ocean. Limnology & Oceanography: Methods 9:466-477.
  3. Ribalet, F., D. M. Schruth, and E. V. Armbrust. 2011. flowPhyto: enabling automated analysis of microscopic algae from continuous flow cytometric data. Bioinformatics 2011; doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btr003.


  1. Matsen, F. A., R. B. Kodner, and E. V. Armbrust. 2010. pplacer: linear time maximum-likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic placement of sequences onto a fixed reference tree. BMC Bioinformatics, 11:538 doi:10.1186/1471-2105-11-538.
  2. Ribalet, F., A. Marchetti, K. A. Hubbard, K. Brown, C. A. Durkin, R. Morales, M. Robert, J. E. Swalwell, P. D. Tortell, and E. V. Armbrust. 2010. Unveiling a phytoplankton hotspot at a narrow boundary between coastal and offshore waters. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA 107: 16571-16576.
  3. Maheswari, U., K. Jabbari, A. E. Allen, J.-P. Cadoret, A. De Martino, M. Heijde, M. Katinka, J. La Roche, P. J. Lopez, V. Martin–Jézéquel, T. Mock, J.-L. Petit, B. M. Porcel, M. S. Parker, A. Vardi, E. V. Armbrust, J. Weissenbach and C. Bowler. 2010. Digital expression profiling of novel diatom transcripts provides insight into their biological functions. Genome Biology 11:doi:10.1186/gb-2010-11-8-r85.
  4. Koester, J., J. Swallwell and E. V. Armbrust. 2010. Genome size differentiates populations of the planktonic diatom Ditylum brightwellii. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10:1doi:10.1186/1471-2148-10-1.
  5. Marchetti, A., D. E. Varela, V. Lance, Z. Johnson M. Palmucci, M. Giordano and E. V. Armbrust. 2010. Iron and silicic acid effects on phytoplankton productivity, diversity, and chemical composition in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean. Limnology & Oceanography 55:11-29.
  6. Holtermann, K. E., S. S. Bates, V. L. Trainer, A. Odell, E. V Armbrust. 2010. Mass Sexual Reproduction in the Toxigenic Diatoms Pseudo-nitzschi australis and P. pungens (Bacillariophyceae) on the Washington Coast, USA. Journal of Phycology 46:41-52.


  1. Carpenter, S. R., E. V. Armbrust, P. W. Arzberger, F. S. Chapin, III, J. J. Elser, E. J. Hackett, A. R. Ives, P. M. Kareiva, M. A. Leibold, P. Lundberg, M. Mangel, N. Merchant, W. W. Murdoch, M. A. Palmer, D. P. C. Peters, S. T. A. Pickett, K. K. Smith, D. H. Wall, A. S. Zimmerman. 2009. Synthesis must be accelerated in ecology and environmental sciences. BioScience 59:699-701.
  2. Durkin, C., T. Mock and E. V. Armbrust. 2009. Chitin in diatoms and its association with the cell wall. Eukaryotic Cell 8:1038-1050.
  3. Armbrust, E. V. 2009. The life of diatoms in the world’s oceans. Nature 459:185-192.
  4. Worden, A.Z., J-H. Lee, T. Mock, P. Rouzé, M.P. Simmons, A.L. Aerts, A.E. Allen, M.L. Cuvelier, E. Derelle, M.V. Everett, E. Foulon, J. Grimwood, H. Gundlach, B. Henrissat, C. Napoli1, S.M. McDonald, M.S. Parker, S. Rombauts, A. Salamov, P. Von Dassow, J.H. Badger, P.M. Coutinho, E. Demir, I. Dubchak, C. Gentemann, W. Eikrem, J.E. Gready, U. John, W. Lanier, E.A. Lindquist, S. Lucas, K.F.X. Mayer, H. Moreau, F. Not, R. Otillar, O. Panaud, J. Pangilinan, I. Paulsen, B. Piegu, A. Poliakov, S. Robbens, J. Schmutz, E. Toulza, T. Wyss, A. Zelensky, K. Zhou, E.V. Armbrust, D. Bhattacharya, U.W. Goodenough, Y. Van de Peer, and I.V. Grigoriev. 2009. Green evolution and dynamic adaptations revealed by genomes of the marine picoeukaryotes Micromonas. Science 324:268-272.
  5. Marchetti, A., M. S. Parker, L. P. Moccia, E. O. Lin, A. L. Arrieta, F. Ribalet, M. E.P. Murphy, M. T. Maldonado and E. V. Armbrust. 2009. Ferritin is used for iron storage in bloom-forming marine pennate diatoms. Nature 457:467-470.
  6. Maheswari, U., Mock, T., Armbrust, E. V., Bowler, C. 2009. Update of the diatom EST database: a new tool for digital transcriptomics. Nucleic Acids Research doi: 10.1093/nar/gkn905.
  7. Rynearson, T. A., E. O. Lin, R. A. Horner, and E. V. Armbrust. 2009. Gene flow and metapopulation structure in the planktonic diatom Ditylum brightwellii. Protist 160:111-121.


  1. Parker, M. S., T. Mock and E. V. Armbrust. 2008. Genomic insights into marine microalgae. Annual Review of Genetics 42: 619-645.
  2. Sosik, H. M., R. J. Olson, and E. V. Armbrust. Flow cytometry in plankton research. 2008.In D. J. Suggett, O. Prasil and M. A. Borowitzka [eds.], Chlorophyll a fluorescence in aquatic sciences: methods and applications. Springer.
  3. Smarr, L., P. Gilna, P. Papadopoulos, T. A. DeFanti, G. Hidley, J. Wooley, E. V. Armbrust, F. Rohwer, E. Frost. 2008. Building an OptIPlanet collaboratory to support microbial metagenomics. Future Generation Computer Systems doi:10.1016/j.future.2008.06.009.
  4. Bowler C., A. E. Allen, J. H. Badger, J. Grimwood, K. Jabbari, A. Kuo, U. Maheswari1, C. Martens, F. Maumus, R. P.Otillar, E. Rayko, A. Salamov, K. Vandepoele, B. Beszteri, A. Gruber, M. Heijde, M. Katinka, T. Mock, K. Valentin, F.Vérret, J. A. Berges, C. Brownlee, J.-P. Cadoret, A. Chiovitti,C. J. Choi, S. Coesel, A. De Martino, J. C. Detter, C. Durkin, A. Falciatore, J. Fournet, M. Haruta, M. Huysman, B. D. Jenkins, K. Jiroutova, R. E. Jorgensen, Y. Joubert, Aaron Kaplan, N. Kroeger, P. Kroth, J. La Roche, E. Lindquist, M. Lommer,V. Martin-Jézéquel, P. J. Lopez, S. Lucas, Manuela Mangogna2, K. McGinnis, L. K. Medlin, A. Montsant, M.-P. Oudot-Le Secq, C. Napoli, M. Obornik, J.-L. Petit, B. M. Porcel, N. Poulsen, M. Robison, L. Rychlewski, T. A. Rynearson, J. Schmutz, M. S. Parker, H. Shapiro, M. Siaut, M. Stanley, M. J. Sussman, A. Taylor, A. Vardi, P. von Dassow, W. Vyverman, A. Willis, L. S. Wyrwicz, D. S. Rokhsar, J. Weissenbach, E. V. Armbrust, B. R. Green, Y. Van de Peer, I. V. Grigoriev. 2008. The Phaeodactylum genome reveals the dynamic nature and multi-lineage evolutionary history of diatom genomes. Nature 456: 239 - 244.
  5. Svderup, K. and E. V. Armbrust. 2008. An Introduction to the World’s Oceans, 10th edition, McGraw Hill.
  6. Nuwer, M., B. W. Frost and E. V. Armbrust. 2008. Population structure of the pelagic copepod Calanus pacificus in the North Pacific Ocean. Marine Biology DOI 10.1007/s00227-008-1068-y
  7. Iglesias-Rodriguez, M. D., P. R. Halloran, R. E. M. Rickaby, I. R. Hall, E. Colmenero-Hidalgo, J. R. Gittins, D. R. H. Green, T. Tyrrell, S. J. Gibbs, P. von Dassow, E. Rehm, E. V. Armbrust, K. P. Boessenkool. 2008. Phytoplankton calcification in a high CO2 world. Science 320:336-340.
  8. Mock, T., M. P. Samanta, V. Iverson, C. Berthiaume, M. Robison, K. Holtermann, C. Durkin, S. Splinter BonDurant, K. Richmond, M. Rodesch, F. Cerrina, M. R. Sussman, E. V. Armbrust. 2008. Whole genome expression profiling of the marine diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana identifies genes involved in silicon bioprocesses. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci, USA, 105:1579-1584.
  9. Marchetti, A., N. Lundholm, Y. Kotaki, K.A. Hubbard, P. J. Harrison, and E. V. Armbrust. 2008. Identification and assessment of domoic acid production in oceanic Pseudo-nitzschia (Bacillariophyceae) from HNLC waters in the northeast subarctic Pacific. Journal of Phycology 44: 650-661.
  10. Hubbard, K.A., G. Rocap, and E.V. Armbrust. 2008. Inter- and intra-specific community structure within the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia. Journal of Phycology 44:637-649.
  11. von Dassow, P., T. W. Petersen, V. A. Chepurnov, and E. V. Armbrust. 2008. Inter- and intraspecific relations between nuclear DNA content and cell size in selected members of Thalassiosira (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 44:335-349
  12. Kroth, P. G., A. Chiovitti, A. Gruber, V. Martin-Jezequel, T. Mock, M. S. Parker, M. S. Stanley, M. S. Stanley, A. Kaplan, L. Caron, T. Weber, U. Maheswari, E. V. Armbrust and C. Bowler. 2008. A Model for Carbohydrate Metabolism in the Diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum Deduced from Comparative Whole Genome Analysis. PLoS ONE 3(1): e1426. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001426.


  1. Moran, M.A. and E. V. Armbrust. Genomes of Sea Microbes. Oceanography, June 2007, 47-55.
  2. Lau, W.W.Y., R. G. Keil, and E. V. Armbrust. 2007. Response and succession of the glycolate-utilizing component of the bacterial community during a spring phytoplankton bloom. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73:2440-2450.
  3. Oudot-Le Secq, M.-P., J. Grimwood, H. Shapiro, C. Bowler, E.V. Armbrust and B. R. Green. 2007. Chloroplast genomes of the diatoms Phaeodactylum tricornutum and Thalassiosira pseudonana: Comparison with other plastid genomes of the red lineage. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 277:427- 439.
  4. Montsant, A. A. E. Allen, S. Coesel, A. De Martino, A. Falciatore, M. Heijde, K. Jabbari, U. Maheswari, M. Mangogna, E. Rayko, M. Siaut, A. Vardi, K. E. Apt, J. A. Berges, A. Chiovitti, A. K. Davis, M. Z. Hadi, T. W. Lane, J. C. Lippmeier, D.Martinez, M. S. Parker, G. J. Pazour, M. A. Saito, K. Thamatrakoln, D. S. Rokhsar, E. V. Armbrust, C. Bowler. 2007. Identification and comparative genomic analysis of signaling and regulatory components in the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana. Journal of Phycology 43:585-604.


  1. Unal, E., B. W. Frost, E. V. Armbrust, and A. E. Kideys. 2006. Phylogeography of Calanus helgolandicus and the Black Sea copepod Calanus euxinus, with notes on Pseudocalanus elongates (Copepoda, Calanoida). Deep Sea Research II 53:1961-1975.
  2. Rynearson, T. A. and E.V. Armbrust. 2006. Succession, bloom development and genetic variation in /Ditylum brightwellii/ during the spring growth season. Limnology and Oceanography 51:1249-1261.
  3. von Dassow, P., V. Chepurnov, E. V. Armbrust. 2006. Relationships between growth rate, cell size, and induction of permatogenesis in the centric diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 42:887-899.
  4. Chepurnov, V. A., D. G. Mann, P. von Dassow, E. V. Armbrust, K. Sabbe, R. Dasseville, and W. Vyverman. 2006. Oogamous reproduction, with two-step auxosporulation, in the centric diatom Thalassiosira punctigera (Bacillariophyta). Journal of Phycology 42:845-858.
  5. Svderup, K. and E. V. Armbrust. 2006. An Introduction to the World’s Oceans, 9th edition, McGraw Hill.
  6. Lau, W.W.Y. and E. V. Armbrust. 2006. Detection of glycolate oxidase glcD gene diversity among cultured and environmental marine bacteria. Environmental Microbiology8:1688-1702
  7. Armbrust, E. V., T. A. Rynearson and B.D. Jenkins. 2006. Genomic Insights into Diatom Evolution and Metabolism. In: Genome Evolution in Eukaryotic Microbes, edited by Laura A. Katz and Debashish Bhattacharya.


  1. Parker, M.S. and E. V. Armbrust. 2005. Synergistic effects of light, temperature, and nitrogen source on transcription of genes for carbon and nitrogen metabolism in the centric diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 41:1142-1153. Full Text Link
  2. Rynearson, T.A, and E. V. Armbrust. 2005. Maintenance of clonal diversity during a spring bloom of the centric diatom Ditylum brightwellii. Molecular Ecology 14: 1631-1640.
  3. Paffenhofer, G.A., A. Iaora, A. Miralto, J. T. Turner, G.S. Kleppel, M. R. D’Alcala, R. Casotti, G. S. Caldwell, G. Pohnert, A. fntana, D. Muller-Navarra, S. E. Jonasdottir, E. V. Armbrust, U. Bamstedt, S. Ban, M. G. Bentley, M. Boersma, M. Bundy, I. Buttino, A. Calbet, F. Carlotti, Y. Carotenuto, G. d’Ippolito, B. Frost, G. Guisande, W. Lampert, R. F. Lee, S. Mazza, M. G. Massocchi, J. C. Nejstgaard, S. A. Poulet, G. Romano, V. Smetacek, S. Uye, S. Wakeham, S. Watson, T. wichard. 2005. Colloquium on diatom-copepod interactions. Marine Ecology Progress Series 286:293-305.


  1. Armbrust, E. Virginia, John A Berges, Chris Bowler, Beverley R. Green, Diego Martinez, Nicholas H. Putnam, Shiguo Zhou, Andrew E. Allen, Kirk E. Apt, Michael Bechner, Mark A. Brzezinski, Balbir K. Chaal, Anthony Chiovitti, Aubrey K.Davis, Mark S. Demarest, J. Chris Detter, Tijana Glavina, David Goodstein, Masood Z. Hadi, Uffe Hellsten, Mark Hildebrand, Bethany D. Jenkins, Jerzy Jurka, Vladimir V. Kapitonov, N. Kröger, Winnie W.Y. Lau, Todd W. Lane, Frank W. Larimer, J. Casey Lippmeier, Susan Lucas, Mónica Medina, Anton Montsant, Miroslav Obornik, Micaela Schnitzler Parker, B. Palenik, Gregory J. Pazour, Paul M. Richardson, Tatiana A. Rynearson, Mak A. Saito, David C. Schwartz, Kimberlee Thamatrakoln, Klaus Valentin, Assaf Vardi, Frances P. Wilkerson, and D. S. Rokhsar. 2004. The genome of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana: Ecology, evolution and metabolism. Science 306: 79-86 Abstract Link Full Text Link
  2. Parker, M. S., E. V. Armbrust, J. Piovia-Scott and R G. Keil. 2004. Induction of photorespiration by light in the centric diatom /Thalassiosira weissflogii/ (Bacillariophyceae): Molecular characterization and physiological consequences. Journal of Phycology 40:557-567. Full Text Link
  3. Rynearson, T. A. and E. V. Armbrust. 2004. Genetic differentiation among populations of the planktonic marine diatom Ditylum brightwellii (bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 40:34-43.


  1. Lau, W. W. Y., P. A. Jumars, E. V. Armbrust. 2002. Genetic diversity of attached bacteria in the hindgut of the deposit-feeding shrimp Neotrypaea (formerly Callianassa) californiensis (Decapoda: Thalassinidae). Microbial Ecology 43:455-466.
  2. Ferris, P. J., E. V. Armbrust, U. W. Goodenough. 2002. Genetic structure of the mating-type loci of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Genetics 160: 181-200.


  1. Campbell, A. M., A.J. Coble, T.H. Ch’ng, K.M. Russo, E.M. Long, and E. V. Armbrust. 2001. Identification and DNA sequence of a new H+-ATPase in the unicellular green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Journal of Phycology 37:536-542.
  2. Armbrust, E. V. and H. M. Galindo. 2001. Rapid evolution of a sexual reproduction gene in centric diatoms of the genus Thalassiosira. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 67:3501-3513.


  1. Armbrust, E. V. 2000. Structural features of nuclear genes in the centric diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 36:942-946.
  2. Rynearson, T. A. and E. V. Armbrust. 2000. DNA fingerprinting reveals extensive genetic diversity in a field population of the centric diatom Ditylum brightwellii. Limnology and Oceanography 45:1329-1340.


  1. Armbrust, E.V. 1999. Identification of a novel gene family expressed during the onset of sexual reproduction in the centric diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65:3121-3128.
  2. Crump, B. C., E. V. Armbrust, J. A. Baross. 1999. Phylogenetic analysis of particle-attached and free-living bacterial communities in the Columbia River estuary and adjacent coastal ocean. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 65:3192-3204.


  1. Armbrust, E.V. 1998. Uniparental inheritance of Chloroplast Genomes. In: Molecular Biology of Chlamydomonas: Chloroplasts and Mitochondria, J.-D. Rochaix.


  1. Armbrust, E.V., A. Ibrahim, U.W. Goodenough. 1995. A mating type-linked mutation that disrupts the uniparental inheritance of the chloroplast genome also disrupts cell size control in Chlamydomonas. Molecular Biology of the Cell 6(12):1807-1818.
  2. Goodenough, U.W., E.V. Armbrust, A.M. Campbell, P.J. Ferris. 1995. Molecular genetics of sexuality in Chlamydomonas. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 46:21-44.


  1. Armbrust, E.V., P.J. Ferris, U.W. Goodenough. 1993. A mating type-linked gene cluster expressed in Chlamydomonas zygotes participates in the uniparental inheritance of the chloroplast genome. Cell 74:801-811.


  1. Armbrust, E.V. and S.W. Chisholm. 1992. Patterns of cell size change in a marine diatom: variability evolving from clonal isolates. Journal of Phycology 28:146-156.


  1. Armbrust, E.V., R.J. Olson, S.W. Chisholm. 1990. Role of light and the cell cycle on the induction of spermatogenesis in a centric diatom. Journal of Phycology 26:470-478.
  2. Olson, R.J., S.W. Chisholm, E.R. Zettler, E.V. Armbrust. 1990. Pigments, size and distributions of Synechococcus in the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Limnology and Oceanography 35:45-58.


  1. Armbrust, E.V., J.D. Bowen, R.J. Olson, S.W. Chisholm. 1989. Effect of light on the cell cycle of a marine Synechococcus strain. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55(2):425-432.


  1. Olson, R.J., S.W Chisholm, E.R. Zettler, E.V. Armbrust. 1988. Analysis of Synechococcus pigment types in the sea using single and dual beam flow cytometry. Deep Sea Research 35(3):425-440.


  1. Anderson, D.M., C.D. Taylor, E.V. Armbrust. 1987. The effects of darkness and anaerobiosis on dinoflagellate cyst germination. Limnology and Oceanography 32(2):340-351.


  1. Chisholm, S.W., E.V. Armbrust, R.J. Olson. 1986. The individual cell in phytoplankton ecology: cell cycles and flow cytometry. p. 343-369. In: T. Platt and W. K. W. Li [Eds.] Photosynthetic Picoplankton, Can. Bull. Fish. Aq. Sci. #214.